常见内分泌科疾病名称中英文对照

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常见内分泌科疾病(endocrine diseases)名称中英文对照

•hypothalamus (empty sella) syndrome[下丘脑(空泡蝶鞍综合征

•hypopituitarism[腺垂体功能减退症]

•pituitary dwarfism[垂体性侏儒症]

•hypothalamic-pituitary amenorrhea[下丘脑-垂体闭经

•Simons (Sheenhan) disease[西蒙(席汉)氏病]

•gigantism (acromegaly)[巨人(肢端肥大)症]

•pituitary tumor[垂体瘤

•central diabetes insipidus[中枢性尿崩症

•adrenal crisis (acute adrenocortical hypofunction)[肾上腺危象急性肾上腺皮质功能减退症)]

•Addison’s disease(chronic adrenocortical hypofunction)[阿狄森氏病慢性肾上腺皮质功能减退症)]

•congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)[先天性肾上腺皮质增生

•syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)[抗利尿激素不适当分泌综合征]

•Cushing syndrome (hypercortisolism)[柯兴氏综合征(皮质醇增多症)]

•primary (secondary) aldosteronism[原(继)发性醛固酮增多症

•pheochromocytoma[嗜铬细胞瘤

•hyperthyroidism(hypothyroidism)[甲亢(甲减)]

•subclinical hyperthyroidism[亚临床甲亢]

•simple (toxic diffuse, toxic multinodular) toiter[单纯性(毒性弥漫性,毒性多结节性)甲状腺肿

•autonomic hyperfunctional adenoma[自主性功能亢进性甲状腺瘤

•T3(T4)-thgrotoxicosis [T3 (T4)型甲亢]

•acute (chronic lymphocytic, subacute) thyroiditis[急性(慢性淋巴细胞性,亚急性甲状腺炎

•Hashimoto thyroiditis[桥本甲状腺炎

•thyroid adenoma (carcinoma, nodule)[甲状腺腺瘤(癌,结节)]

•hyper (hypo) thyroid heart disease[甲亢(减)性心脏病

•thyrotoxic myopathy (exophthalmos,encephalopathy)[甲状腺素毒性肌病(突眼,脑病)]

•thyrotoxic (parathyroid) crisis[甲状(旁)腺危象]

•hyperthyroidsim crisis[甲亢危象]

•hypo-(hyper-) parathyroidism[甲状旁腺功能减退(亢进)]

•total (subtotal, partial) thyroidectomy[甲状腺全部(次全,部分)切除术

•goitrous cretinism[甲状腺肿呆小症

•thyreoprival tetany[甲状腺切除后手足搐搦]

•premenstrual tension[经前紧张症]

•menopausal syndrome[绝经期综合征]

•oophoritic (ovarian) polycyst[卵巢多发性囊肿]

•pinealoma (pinealocytoma)[松果体瘤

•gynaecomastia[男性乳房发育症]

•diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)[糖尿病酮症酸中毒

•diabetic hyperosmotic coma[糖尿病高渗性昏迷

•nonketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma[糖尿病非酮症高渗性昏迷]

•lactic acidosis[乳酸性酸中毒

•diabetic microangiopathy (macroangiopathy, nephropathy)[糖尿病性微血管病变(大血管病变,肾病)]

•hypoglycemia[低血糖症

•glucagonoma[胰高糖素瘤]

•β-cell tumor of pancrease islet[胰岛β细胞瘤

•insulinoma [胰岛素瘤

•hepatogenous (alcoholic, reactive, drug-induced) hypoglycemia[肝源性(酒精性,反应性,药物性)低血糖

•insulin resistance syndrome[胰岛素抵抗综合征]

•obesity[肥胖症

•glycogen storage disease[糖原累积病

•xanthoma[黄色瘤

•gout (hyperuricemia) [痛风高尿酸血症)]

•porphyria [血卟啉病

•hemochromatosis[血色病

•amyloidosis[淀粉样变性

•osteoporosis[骨质疏松

•hyperlipoproteinemia[高脂蛋白血症

•hypercholesterolemia[高胆固醇血症

•hypertriglyceridemia[高甘油三酯血症

•hyperlipemia[高脂血症

•rheumatoid arthritis[类风湿性关节炎

•still disease[幼年型类风关

•Felty (Reiter) syndrome[弗尔提(赖特尔)综合征]

•systemic (discoid) lupus erythematosus (SLE/DLE)[系统性(盘型)红斑狼疮

•dermatomyositis[皮肌炎

•systemic vasculitis[系统性血管炎

•Sjogren`s syndrome [干燥综合征

•ankylosing spondylitis[强直性脊柱炎

•seronegative spondyloarthropathy[血清阴性脊柱关节病

•scleroderma[硬皮病

•polyarteritis[结节性多动脉炎

•Wegener`s granulomatosis[韦格纳肉芽肿

•candidiasis-endocrinopathy syndrome[念珠菌-内分泌病综合征]

•abnormal glucose tolerance[糖耐量异常

•psoriatic arthritis[银屑病关节炎

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