常见呼吸内科疾病名称中英文对照

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•silicosis[矽肺

•acute (chronic) bronchitis[急(慢)性支气管炎

•tracheobronchitis[气管-支气管炎]

•bronchial asthma[支气管哮喘

•status asthmatics[哮喘持续状态

•bronchiectasis[支气管扩张

•upper respiratory tract infection[上呼吸道感染

•lung fibrosis[肺纤维化

•allergic airway inflammation[变应反应性气道炎症

•bacterial (viral, mycoplasma, reckettsia, radiaton) pneumonia[细菌性(病毒性支原体立克次体放射性肺炎

•community acquited pneumonia(CAP)[社区获得性肺炎]

•pneumococcal (staphylococcal, streptococcal, gram-negative bacillus) pneumonia[肺炎球菌(葡萄球菌链球菌革兰氏阴性杆菌)肺炎]

•influenza (common cold)[流行性(普遍)感冒

•pulmonary candidiasis (aspergillosis, mucormycosis, histoplasmosis, actinomycosis, nocardiosis)[肺念球菌(曲菌、毛霉菌,组织胞浆菌,放线菌,奴长菌)病]

•pulmonary mycosis[肺真菌病

•cryptococcosis[肺隐球菌病

•lung abscess[肺脓肿

•anaphylactic pneumonia (Leoffer`s syndrome)[过敏性肺炎(吕弗琉综合征)]

•extrinsic allergic alveolitis[外源性过敏性肺泡炎

•pulmonary eosinophia(eosinophilosis)[肺嗜酸粒细胞浸润症]

•chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)[慢性阻塞性肺病

•obstructive pulmonary emphysema[阻塞性肺气肿

•pulmonary embolism (PE)[肺栓塞

•pulmonary vascular thrombosis [肺血管血栓形成

•pulmonary edema[肺水肿

•respiratory failure (type I/II) [呼吸衰竭(I、II型)]

•adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)[成人呼吸窘迫综合征

•lung (pulmonary) tuberculosis[肺结核

•miliary TB [粟粒性肺结核]

•endobronchial tuberculosis[支气管内膜结核

•pulmonary alveolar proteinosis[胞泡蛋白沉积症

•pulmonary encephalopathy[肺性脑病

•sleep apnea syndrome[睡眠呼吸暂停综合征

•respiratory alkalosis (acidosis)[呼吸性碱(酸)中毒

•acute lung injury[急性肺损伤]

•interstitial lung disease[间质性肺病]

•dry (exudative) tuberculosis pleuritis (pleurisy)[干性(渗出性)结核性胸膜炎

•empyema[脓胸

•pleural effusion [胸腔积液

•Legionella pneumonia(LP)[军团菌肺炎]

•drug-induced lung disease[药物性肺病]

•sarcoidosis[结节病

•pneumothorax[气胸

•lung eosinophilic granuloma [肺嗜酸细胞肉芽肿

•primary mediastinal tumor[原发性纵隔肿瘤

•pleural mesothelioma[胸膜间皮瘤

•primary bronchogenic carcinoma[原发性支气管肺癌

•small cell lung cancer [小细胞肺癌

•metastatic tumor (carcinoma) of lung[肺结移瘤(癌)]

•lung fibroma[肺纤维瘤]

•undifferentiated carcinoma of lung[肺未分化癌

•paraneoplastio syndrome[副癌综合征]

•bronchial adenoma[支气管腺瘤

•pulmonary hamartoma[肺错构瘤

•bronchogenic cyst [支气管囊肿

•amyloidosis[淀粉样变性

•middle lobe syndrome [肺中叶综合征

•cor pulmonale[肺心病

•pueumosclerosis[肺硬化

•lober atelectasis[肺叶不张]

•pulmonary lobectomy[肺叶切除术

•pulmonary hypertension[肺高压

•angio-pneumography[肺血管造影术]

•foreign body in lung[肺异物]

•intratracheal foreign body[气管内异物

•hyaline membrane disease[肺透明膜病

•lung consolidation[肺实变

•lung sequestration[肺内隔离症]

•tracheostomy (tracheotomy)[气管造口(切开)术]

•endotracheal intubation[气管插管术

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