常见传染科疾病名称中英文对照

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常见传染科疾病(infectious diseases)名称中英文对照

•healthy (chronic, permanent, temporary) carrier[健康(慢性,终身,暂时)带菌者

•bacteremia (septicemia, pyemia, toxemia)[菌(败,脓毒,毒)血症

•septic shock [感染性休克

•upper respiratory infection (influenza, common cold)[上呼吸道感染流感普通感冒)]

•viral myocarditis (pneumonia)[病毒性心肌炎肺炎)]

•double (cross, general) infection[双重(交叉,全身)感染

•chickenpox (varicella)[水痘

•rubella (German mealses)[风疹

•measles[麻疹

•smallpox (variola)[天花

•herpes simplex (zoster)[单纯(带状)疱疹

•infectious lymphocytosis [传染性淋巴细胞增多症

•infectious mononucleosis[传染性单核细胞增多症

•acute viral (chronic persistent, fulminant, chronic, chronic active) hepatitis[急性病毒性(慢性迁延性,暴发性,慢性,慢性活动性)肝炎

•icteric (anicteric) hepatitis[(非)黄疸型肝炎

•viral hepatitis type A(B,C,D,E,non A and non B)[甲(乙,丙,丁,戊,非甲非乙)型肝炎]

•Dengue (Dengue hemorrhagic, epidemic hemorrhagic) fever[登革(登革出血,流行性出血)热]

•relapsing (rat-bite)fever[回归(鼠咬)热]

•Q (yellow, lassa ,scarlet) fever [Q (黄,拉沙,猩红)热]

•rabbit fever (tularemia)[ 兔热病

•foot-mouth disease[口蹄病

•forest (influenzal) encephalitis[森林(流感性)脑炎

•panencephalitis[全脑炎]

•epidemic encephalitis B[流行性乙脑

•poliomyelitis[脊髓灰质炎

•meningitis[脑膜炎

•epidemic myalgia[流行性肌痛

•viral (human rotaviral) enteritis[病毒性(人轮状病毒性)肠炎

•epidemic parotitis (mumps)[流行性腮腺炎

•roseola infantum [婴儿玫瑰疹

•infantile diarrhea[婴儿腹泻

•rabies (hydrophobia) [狂犬病恐水症)]

•scrub typhus (tsatsugamushi disease)[恙虫病

•acute streptococcal tonsillitis[急性链球菌扁桃体炎

•pertussis (whooping cough)[百日咳

•laryngeal (pharyngeal) diphtheria [喉(咽)白喉

•cholera[霍乱

•bacillary dysentery[菌痢]

•anthrax[炭疽病

•anaerobic infection[厌氧菌感染]

•kuru[库鲁病

•leptospirosis[钩端螺旋体病

•mycoplasma pneumonia[支原体肺炎

•syphilis[梅毒

•Lyme disease[莱姆病

•rickettsia disease[立克次体病]

•epidemic (endemic) typhus[流行(地方)性斑疹伤寒

•typhoid (paratyphoid) [伤寒副伤寒)]

•botulism[肉毒中毒

•bacterial food poisoning[细菌性食物中毒

•plague [ 鼠疫

•tetanus[破伤风

•leprosy[麻风

•trachoma [沙眼

•yaws[雅司

•pulmonary (bronchial, lymph node, intestinal, liver, renal, skin) tuberculosis[肺(支气管淋巴结,肠,肝,肾,皮肤结核

•tuberculous peritonitis (meningitis, pleurisy)[结核性腹膜(脑膜胸膜)炎]

•aspergillosis[曲霉菌病]

•deep candidiasis[深部念珠菌病

•cryptococcosis[隐球菌病

•mucormycosis[毛霉菌病]

•mycosis[真菌病

•tinea[癣]

•actinomycosis[放射菌病]

•amebic liver abscess[阿米巴肝脓肿

•intestinal amebiasis[阿米巴肠病

•malaria[疟疾

•kala-azar[黑热病

•schistosomiasis[血吸虫病

•fasciolopsiasis[姜片虫病

•paragonimiasis[肺吸虫病

•taeniasis[绦虫病

•cysticercosis[囊虫病

•echinococciasis[包虫病

•filariasis[丝虫病

•ascariasis[蛔虫病

•enterobiasis[蛲虫病

•trichuriasis[鞭虫病

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