双态性真菌

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双态性真菌可存在霉菌/菌丝/丝状形式[1]酵母形式的真菌。一个例子就是马尔尼菲青霉菌:[2]

一些物种是潜在的病原体,包括粗球孢子菌[3]巴西副球孢子菌属[3]白念珠菌[4]玉米黑粉菌Ustilago maydis),[4]皮炎芽生菌Blastomyces),组织胞浆菌(Histoplasma),申克氏孢子丝菌Sporothrix schenckii),和Emmonsia sp.。[5]

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参考

  1. Fungi [2009-06-06]. 
  2. Chandler JM, Treece ER, Trenary HR, et al. Protein profiling of the dimorphic, pathogenic fungus, Penicillium marneffei. Proteome Sci. 2008, 6 (1): 17. doi:10.1186/1477-5956-6-17. PMID 18533041. PMC 2478645. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Dimorphic Fungi [2007-08-19]. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Sánchez-martínez, Cristina; Pérez-martín, José. Dimorphism in fungal pathogens: Candida albicans and Ustilago maydis-similar inputs, different outputs. Current Opinion in Microbiology. 2001, 4 (2): 214–221. doi:10.1016/S1369-5274(00)00191-0. PMID 11282479. 
  5. Kenyon, M.D., Ph.D., Chris; Kim Bonorchis, M.Med., Craig Corcoran, F.C.Path., Graeme Meintjes, M.D., Ph.D., Michael Locketz, M.Med.Path., Rannakoe Lehloenya, F.C.Derm., Hester F. Vismer, Ph.D., Preneshni Naicker, M.D., Hans Prozesky, M.Med., Marelize van Wyk, Ph.D., Colleen Bamford, M.Med., Moira du Plooy, Gail Imrie, Sipho Dlamini, M.D., Andrew M. Borman, Ph.D., Robert Colebunders, M.D., Ph.D., Cedric P. Yansouni, M.D., Marc Mendelson, M.D., Ph.D., and Nelesh P. Govender, M.D.. A Dimorphic Fungus Causing Disseminated Infection in South Africa. The New England Journal of Medicine. October 10, 2013 (N Engl J Med 2013; 369:1416-1424) [October 10, 2013]. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1215460. 

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